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вторник, 20 ноември 2012 г.

Seven Wonders of the World


Seven Wonders of the World (or the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World) is a list of the most famous sights of the ancient culture. The first idea for the collection of the wonders of the ancient world in a list can be said that Herodotus, who impressed by the pyramids of Egypt and Babylon, believes that the most significant achievements of the people in that time.
Wonders, which we know were first described and assessed the greatest human creations by Antipater of Sidon, who was chief librarian at the Library of Alexandria. Later there were several other listed and offers can be added to many other attractions such as the Coliseum, the Capitol, Noah's Ark, but in the end we all know that is the list of Antipater. A little known fact is that what we now call "miracles" in the first list are called sights things to see.
Egyptian pyramids are the only surviving of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. They sometimes include the Great Sphinx of Giza.
By "Egyptian pyramids" are often given only three pyramids of Cheops, and Hefren Mikerin. They are arranged in a line. Chief architect and superintendent of construction is Haemon, relative of Khufu. The pyramids are located on the west bank of the Nile, the Memphis necropolis. Ancient Egyptians believed that this was the land of death because the sun sets in the west. Their homes were erected on the east bank of the river.
The biggest pyramid of Cheops (Khufu), 147 m in height It has an area of 229 m2 and is almost completely preserved. Missing and marble and tip. Pyramid Hefren (Hafra, Hafre) is lower and that of Mikerin (Menkaure) is quite modest. Of the three, only the Pyramids of Hefren still part of the original marble. They are built of large stone blocks weighing an average of two tons. It is believed that it was built over 20 years and the building and was completed in 2580 BC according to one theory.
Temple of Artemis at Ephesus was obviously impressive building. Philo of Byzantium writes - "I've seen the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, Statue of Zeus, the Colossus of Rhodes, the Pyramids and the Temple of Mausolus, but when I saw the temple at Ephesus to soar in the clouds, all other things faded."
Hanging Gardens of Babylon, also known as the Hanging Gardens of Semiramis are the third of the seven wonders of the world. And to this day, are not found. They were probably built in the city of Babylon, which was situated on the territory of present-day Iraq.
Most evidence suggests that they have built around 575 BC by King Nebuchadnezzar II, who ruled the city 43 years, starting in 605 BC Another theory states that were built by the Assyrian Queen Semiramis during her five years management (810 BC) represent terraced and irrigated gardens. According to legend, Nebuchadnezzar built them, lest misses his spouse - Persian Princess Amitis, who is originally from the mountains. Nil exactly where they were located. Discovered after excavation finds in Nineveh, a city in northern Iraq, tablets depicting palm trees on the roofs of houses in driving professionals to explore the possibility gardens have been located in Babylon - a city used as shorthand for the most settlements in the East.
Alexandria lighthouse is one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Built around 240 BC on the island of Pharos, near Alexandria in Egypt. Light that is radiation has come from a big fire in his heart, which, thanks to a system of mirrors is reflected into the sea. An earthquake in 1375, the lighthouse was destroyed. Today there stands the fortress Kait Bey.
Mausoleum of Halicarnassus was a huge tomb built by the king of Caria Mausolus and his wife Queen Artemisia. It was built in 353 BC A solid temple surrounded by 36 Ionic columns. Halicarnassus is today Bodrum (Turkey). E Mausoleum was 45 meters tall (135 feet). He was richly decorated with reliefs and sculptures of the four famous Greek artists - Scopas, Leohar, Timothy and Briaksis. The British Museum displays many fragments thereof, as two statues are supposed to be the very Mausolus and Artemisia.
The word "mausoleum" derives from the name of Mausolus and is used today to refer to a large tomb which live access.
Colossus of Rhodes was a bronze statue of the sun god Helios. It is situated on the island of Rhodes in the Aegean Sea. Rose to a height of 34 meters and was the tallest statue in antiquity. Like the work of the Statue of Lindos started 292g. BC and was completed at 285g. BC.
She was knocked down by an earthquake, but even fallen was a tourist attraction until 654, when the Arabs refer and sell bronze parts.
Although created a legend, the idea that Colossus was present in any of the three ports still remains unprotected. Most likely it was built on the Acropolis in the outline of the sanctuary of the god Helios.
Statue of Olympian Zeus, sculpted by renowned Greek sculptor Phidias is one of the Seven Wonders of the World. Olympia was an important religious center of ancient Greece. This is where Zeus defeated Cronus bloodthirsty. In 5c. BC citizens of Olympia decided to build a temple to Zeus. It was 64 meters in length and 28 in width. The height of the inner room was 20 meters. The statue of Zeus was placed at the bottom of the temple. According to the sources was high about 12 meters (40-feet) and creating the impression that if Zeus does, destroy the ceiling. It was made of wood, which was covered with delicate pink ivory of Zeus and his clothes were of gold leaf. In his right hand held high golden statue about five meters of the goddess of victory, and the left - scepter.
In 394 AD, about 800 years after its creation, and it was brought to Constantinople, capital of Byzantine Empire. Although Christianity already had a religion and the statue of Zeus Elizabeth exposed herself pagan sculpture, nobody dared to destroy it because of the incredible beauty. Historians believe that it was burned in a fire in the palace of Emperor Theodosius II in 462, the Statue of Zeus is the only one of the seven wonders of the world, and that was on European soil.














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